H.E. Sheikh Aboud Jumbe MwinyiThe first Vice President of the United Republic of Tanzania and the President of the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar, 1972 - 1984
The late Aboud Jumbe Mwinyi was born on 14th of June, 1920 served as President of Zanzibar from 11th April, 1972 until 30 January 1984.
He succeeded Abeid Karume as president, following Karume's assassination on 7th April, 1972 and was initially elected by the Revolutionary Council as a part of the Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP). While he was in office, in 1977, the two ruling parties of Tanzania merged. In particular, the ASP and the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU), merged to create Tanzania's ruling party, the CCM.
In 1979, Jumbe introduced the first post-revolution constitution of Zanzibar. This separated the powers of the Revolutionary Council and the House of Representatives. Furthermore, the new constitution established elections by universal suffrage, instead of being elected by the Revolutionary Council.